There are two Base Camps for Everest. Southern Everest Base Camp lies in Nepal, whereas, the Northern EBC lies in Tibet, China. Both are the highly visited tourist destinations, however, the Nepali side tends to get more visitors because of the popularity and ease of access.
The locals in Tibet call Everest “Chomolungma,” whereas Chinese call it “Zhūmùlǎngmǎ Fēng.” The base camp is located at Tingri County in the Tibet Autonomous region of China. The international border between China and Nepal runs across the precise summit point of Everest, hence of the mountain lies in the Chinese region.
There are also two different base camps in the Everest (North), Tourists Base Camp at 5,150 m is about half-way between Rongbuk Monastery. You can easily reach the Tourist base camp in a vehicle. The Climbers Base Camp which lies at 5,180 m is reserved for the climbers.
Many private vehicles run chartered service from Lhasa to Everest, and can be booked along a packaged tour from any outdoor agency.
You’re required to obtain permit from the Chinese government beforehand. Applying for the Tibet permit can prove to be a complicated affair from ones home nation. therefore, you are suggested to first arrive in Nepal or contact any local agency in Kathmandu to obtain the permit for you.
The base camp can be reached through a 100 km road branching to the South from the Friendship Highway near Shelkar. The road trip from the Lhasa to Tingri county, passing through remote landmasses, glaciated lakes, monasteries and dry deserts, can prove to be an overwhelming experience. Spotting Yaks on the way carrying loads is common. There are fewer tourists at any given time, hence, you can have more peaceful time.
Everest base camp (North) is generally toured during Spring, Summer/Monsoon and Autumn seasons. The farther higher regions of Tibet is mostly inaccessible during Winter due to heavy snow and cold.