The Janaki Temple of Sita

Janaki Temple at the Mithila region of Nepal is dedicated to the Hindu goddess Sita. It was built in the early 20th century, copying the Mughal style of architecture. Janaki temple attracts thousands of Hindu pilgrims throughout the year and is considered one of the most revered Hindu sites in the world.


Overview

Janaki Temple or Ram Janaki Temple is a large temple premise located in the Janakpur district, the Mithila kingdom of Nepal. Maithali is the official language of Mithila.

Rama and Sita
Rama and Sita

It spans over 4,860 sq. ft of area and the main temple is 50 meters high. It is a three-storied structure made entirely of stone and marble. All its 60 rooms are decorated with theĀ flag of Nepal, colored glass, engravings and paintings, with beautiful lattice windows and turrets.

Diverse ethnic groups live in the Janakpurdham. Yadavs, Teli, Brahmins, Kyastha, Tharu, Musahar, Rajput, and Chhetri are the main inhabitants of the region. Most are farmers by occupation. The whole region is also considered the center of Maithali culture, therefore Maithali art and culture is predominant in this area.

History

The temple was built in 1910 by the Queen Vrisha Bhanu of Tikamgarh, India. The temple is popularly known as theĀ Nau Lakha Mandir, meaning “Nine lakh or Nine Hundred Thousand.” The cost for the construction of the temple was about the same amount.

Mythology

According to the Ramayana, the original city of Janakpurdham was named after King Janak of the Mithila kingdom. King Janaka of Videha dynasty ruled the entire Mithila (Both India and Nepal) from Janakpurdham.

Janak found a baby (Sita) in a furrow of a field and raised her as his daughter. When Sita was about sixteen, the king announced that she could be betrothed to whoever strings the divine bow of Shiva. Though many royal suitors tried, only Lord Rama, the prince of Ayodhya, was successful to do so. She was married off to Rama.


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